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Yu Dahai,     Wang Dan

Hu Ping,     Xue Wei

Chen Kuide,     Zheng Yi

 

 

Members of Advisory Board

Fang Lizhi

Situ Hua

Yu Ying-shi

Perry Link

Yang Liyu

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  • Beijing spring Nov. 2009, Issue 198
     

    Brief of No.198:

    In order to research the civil rights movement in China mainland since the "charter 08"was published, and to criticise the act of anti human rights since CPC's regime was established 60 years ago, "Seminar of Chinese Civil Rights Movement and the CPC's Establishing Regime for 60 Years" was hold by the "Beijing spring" magazine , "Civil Force"and "Chinese Constitutionalism Sodality"in Flushing, New York on October 13,. The seminar was presided over by the publisher of "Beijing Spring"magazine,Yu, Dahai,......

    Table of Contents
    [From the Chief Editor]
    03.High Pressure and Growing up/Hu Ping

    [From the President]
    04. The CPC's National Violence/Wang Dan

    [Front page headline: Charter 08 and China's Civil Rights Movement]
    06. Continue to Promote Chinese Civil Rights Movement/Our Magazine's Newsroom
    07. The Historical Significance of the Civil Rights Movement/Yu, Dahai
    09. Chinese Citizens' Movement of Protect the Constitutional Rights/Feng, Zhenghu(Shanghai)
    14. See the Middle Road Union in the future from "the Charter 08"/ Wang, Guangze (Beijing)
    16. Talking about Charter 08 by Folk Struggle/Yang, Kuanxing (Shandong)
    18. China's Political Transformation of Dynamic Mechanism/Wang, Juntao
    20. The Common Responsibility of Han and Tibetan People/Kunga Tashi (Tibetan)
    21. Look China's Democratic Constitutional Regime from the 60th Anniversary of the CPC /Chen Ming

    [Front page headline: The Criticism of the CPC's Establishing Regime for 60 Years]
    22. The Dynastic Changes I Experienced in 1949/Fang, Lizhi
    28. One-Party Dictatorship for 60 Years/Yang, Liyu
    29. Analyseing the 60 Years' CPC's Regime by Four Coordinate System/Yang, Jianli
    33. The National Day as Government Behavior/Liu, Xianbin(Sichuan)
    36. Military Review and the Hundreds Years of National Humiliation/Chen, Pokong
    39. What did the National Day Military Review of the CPC Fear about? / Liu, Dongxing
    41. Right-safeguarding and fighting against violent repression with 60 Years of CPC's Regime Established/ Wang Jun
    45. The women in China Mailand Whose Human Rights were Deprived of/ Xu Pei (Germany)
    46. The Fraud of 8 Charters' Provisional Constitution / Peng, Xiaoming (Germany)

    [Political Situation in China]
    55. The CPC's Political Ethic with no Ethic /Tan, Maiweng(Hubei)
    59. Support Liu, Xiaobo/Chen, Ziming(Beijing)
    63. What Should Wen,Jiabao Do for Liu, Yaoxuan's Resignation /Zhao Yan(Beijing)
    64. Watch China's Corrupt Financial Interests/Xin Sheng(Wuhan)

    [Mainland China]
    68.. Lottery Surrounding Gamble Have a Hit in China Mainland/Yang,Yinbo (Fujian)
    73.The Superior Procuratorante Forced me to Petition/Ye,Jinghuan(Beijing)

    [International View]
    76.Don't Forget Aung San Suu Kyi/Yu Jie(Beijing)

    [Deep Grief at Lady Lin, Xiling]
    79. Memory Lin, Xiling/Our Reporter
    81. She has Never Forgeten the People/Fang,Wenji (Shandong)
    87. Lin, Xiling's Symbolic Significance/Wang, Juntao
    89. The Talented Woman Died in Foreign Country While The CPC's Regime Put on a Show of Peace and Prosperity/Wen Qiang (Shandong)
    91. Grief at Chen, Haiguo/Zhou,Suzi (New Zealand)

    [History Testimony]
    93. The Long Way of Exile While Home is Far Away/Chen, Pokong

    [Democracy Wall]
    93. "The Great Cause of Nation-building" Backfired / Yin, Deyi(Hangzhou)
    96.The"National Day"Grand Ceremony and Dropout Students / Zhang, Zhiwei

    [Reading]
    97.A Condescendence for the Institution of Labour Reform/Yu, Dahai

    [Literature]
    98. The Ode for The"National Day"Grand Ceremony/Yang Guang(Beijing)
    100.Jiazi , a National Martyr/Dong Xi(Hongkong)
    100.There is a Curative Instrument Called Tank/Li,Yongsheng(Sichuan)

    [Short Message]
    101. The Fifth Washington Ethnic Group Youth Leaders Research Camp/Xing,Kuanyang
    103. Short Messages

    [Reader Author Editor]
    106. Letters

     


    Members of Beijing Spring's Advisory Board

    Fang Lizhi, professor of physics at University of Arizona. As the former vice president of Chinese University of Science and Technology, he inspired the 1989's Chinese Democracy movement and then was forced to seek refuge in the American Embassy for about a year after the June 4 crackdown.

    Guo Luoji, a leading liberal theoretician who was driven out of Beijing by Former Chairman Deng Xiaoping because of his political opinion. In 1992, he sued the Chinese government for human rights abuses in a Federal Court of law. Now he is a visiting scholar at Harvard University.

    Smarlo Ma Smarlo Ma is pen name of Mr. Yi Ma. Joining the CommunistParty of China in 1937, he became Director of the Library of the Anti-Japanese Military and Political College in Yan-an in 1938. He formally left the Party in 1943. as a well known expert on the history of the Communist party of china, he has often been invited to present papers in international conferences of Asian specialists. He has published mora than 20 books.

    Perry Link, professor of East Asian Studies at Princeton University. He specializes in 20th-century Chinese literature and is very concerned with human rights condition in Mainland China.

    Liu Qing, Chairman of the Executive Committee of Human Rights in China. As a democracy promoter and a close ally of Wei Jingsheng, he had been jailed by Chinese government for almost ten years.

    Andrew Nathan, professor of Political Science and Director of East Asian Institute at Columbia University. His teaching and research interests include Chinese politics and foreign policy, the comparative study of political participation and political culture, and human rights. He has published numerous books and articles on China's politics.

    Situ Hua, president of the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic and Democratic Movement in China. Mr. Situ is a member of the Hong Kong legislature and an important leader of the Democratic Party of Hong Kong.

    Su Shaozhi, chairman of Princeton China Initiative. Once served as the director of the Institute of Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong Thought of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, he is a leading liberal political theoretician in China.

    Su Xiaokang, a Chinese writer well known for his epic The River's Elegy, a critical television program about China's political and cultural evolution. As an active participator in the 1989 democracy movement, he was forced to leave China. Now he is a fellow of the Princeton China Initiative and publisher of the bi-monthly journal "The Democratic China".

    Yang Liyu, professor of East Asian Studies at Seton Hall University

    Yu Ying-shi, professor of history at Princeton University. Mr. Yu has been a leading critic on the tyranny of the Chinese communists after he left China in 1950. After the Chinese government crackdown on the Democracy Movement in 1989, he devoted himself into helping the fled Chinese activists to settle down in the U.S and setting up the Princeton China Initiative.


    Members of Beijing Spring's Editorial Board

    Yu Dahai, Publisher of Beijing Spring and assistant professor of economics at Tufts University. Graduated from Beijing University and received a Ph.D. degree from Princeton University, he served as Chief Editor of Beijing Spring from June 1993 to June 1996 and then as President from June 1996 to September 2002. He is founding president of the Chinese Economists Society and former president of the Chinese Alliance for Democracy and the China Spring magazine.

    Wang Dan, President of Beijing Spring since September 2002. As a student leader from Beijing University in the 1989's Democracy Movement, he was on the most wanted list of the Chinese government after the June 4 crackdown. After being imprisoned for political reasons from July 1989 to February 1993 and again from May 1995 to April 1998, he came to the United States ad is now a doctoral student in Harvard University.

    Hu Ping, Chief Editor of Beijing Spring since 1996 and a regular commentator for Radio Free Asia. Received a Master's degree in philosophy from Beijing University and studied at Harvard University, he was once the Chief Writer of Beijing Spring from June 1993 to June 1996. He is former president of the Chinese Alliance for Democracy and the China Spring magazine.

    Chen Kuide, fellow of Princeton China Initiative and program host for Radio Free Asia. As once the Chief Editor of Shanghai's Thinker magazine, he actively took part in the 1989 democracy movement. He later received a Ph.D. degree in philosophy from Fudan University.

    Zheng Yi, member of the Princeton China initiative and a famous political critic. He once wrote articles to expose the cannibalism in Guangxi during the Great Cultural Revolution in China. As an important leader of the 1989 democracy movement, he was forced to leave China in 1992.

    Xue Wei, Manager of Beijing Spring since 1993. He was imprisoned in Sichuan for ten years for "counter-revolutionary activities" in the 1970's. He was among the founding members of the Chinese Alliance for Democracy and the China Spring magazine and has always served as a leader in promoting Chinese Democracy Movement dating back 1982.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    This Month

    Brief of No. 198

    Translated by Jessica Liu


    1.Front Page Headline:"Charter 08"and China's Civil Rights Movement

    In order to research the civil rights movement in China mainland since the "charter 08"was published, and to criticise the act of anti human rights since CPC's regime was established 60 years ago, "Seminar of Chinese Civil Rights Movement and the CPC's Establishing Regime for 60 Years" was hold by the "Beijing spring" magazine , "Civil Force"and "Chinese Constitutionalism Sodality"in Flushing, New York on October 13,. The seminar was presided over by the publisher of "Beijing Spring"magazine,Yu, Dahai, and the person in charge of civil force, Yang, Jianli, chief editor of "Beijing Spring"magazine, Hu Ping gave the conclusion statement.The seminar invitated the people who signed the "charter 08" from Beijing, Shanghai, shandong --- "Think Tank of Reconciliation", Wang, Guangze, the founder of "Network of Constitutional Rights Protection" Feng, Zhenghu, human rights activist, YangKuan gave the speeches on the seminar. More than 200 personages of all circles and many media reporters attended the meeting. Seminar was divided into two parts, the first part was "Charter 08 and China's Civil Rights Movement", the second part was "The Criticism of the CPC's Establishing Regime for 60 Years ". This time,our magazine was the monograph about the seminar, conference speakers speeches and written texts were published in the two cover topics, "Charter 08 and China's Civil Rights Movement" and "The Criticism of the CPC's Establishing Regime for 60 Years ".

    In the "Frontpage Headline": "Charter 08 and China's Civil Rights Movement",we published the article "Continue to Promote Chinese Civil Rights Movement" by our magazine's newsroom, "The Historical Significance of the Civil Rights Movement"by Yu, Dahai, " Chinese Citizens' Movement of Protect the Constitutional Rights " by Feng, Zhenghu, "See the Middle Road Union in the future from "the Charter 08""by Wang, Guangze, "Talking about Charter 08 by Folk Struggle" by Yang, Kuanxing, "China's Political Transformation of Dynamic Mechanism" by Wang, Juntao, "The Common Responsibility of Han and Tibetan People "by the liaison officer of representative office of the Dalai Lama in North America,Kunga Tashi, "Look China's Democratic Constitutional Regime from the 60th Anniversary of the CPC " by Chen Ming.

    Yu, Dahai reviewed the context about concept of right,the "correct route" and the"wrong route"of hundreds of years'debate in western countries about the concept of right. He greeted the domestic activists from China and the vastly domestic activists who still in China;he thought their efforts showed justice, helped the weak, and showed up the moral courage that dared to say "no"to the dictators. They efforts maintained the victory in the second world war and "The Universal Declaration of Human Rights". Chinese civil activists were the defenders of the world civilization.

    Feng, Zhengu indicated that promoting and practicing the political principle of "Constitutional Rights Protection " in China had no political words and deeds to overthrow the state power, kept to the constitution and the laws of China, and supported the political line of "people oriented, assuming power for the people, ruling by law ". However, the people who did it still got couple threats with bribes,harassed and house arrested, even were illegally kidnapped. It showed that Chinese authorities divide friends and enemies not only by ideology, but also by the damage of power and capital's vested interests. officials who did illegal crime and human rights abuses feared the people, perished the people who required to carry out or enlarge civil rights as mischievous mice,and hated a lot the moderate, sensible and law-abiding independent intellectuals and human rights lawyers who helped the grassroots people to maintain their rights. But the humanitarian care to the grassroots people by the middle class includes white-collar and intellectuals didn't abate, they joined with grass-roots groups, promote the development of the civil rights movement. The more lawyers, scholars, writers, journalists jointed with petitioners and civil rights activists, had become the folk human rights defenders and the core force to promote the civil rights movement.

    In the conference summary statement, Hu Ping pointed out that the "charter 08" was a programmatic document, and its influence was in further expansion. The folk civil rights movement not only reflected the growth of people's consciousness of right, also reflects the sharpening of social conflict.

    2. Front Page Headline: The Criticism of the CPC's Establishing Regime for 60 Years

    In the column of" Front Page Headline: The Criticism of the CPC's Establishing Regime for 60 Years ", we published "The Dynastic Changes I Experienced in 1949"by our editor consultant, Fang, Lizhi, "One-Party Dictatorship for 60 Years"by our editor consultant, Yang, Liyu, "Analyseing the 60 Years' CPC's Regime by Four Coordinate System"by Yang, Jianli, "The National Day as Government Behavior" by Liu, Xianbin from Sichuan, "Military Review and the Hundreds Years of National Humiliation"by Chen, Pokong, "What did the National Day Military Review of the CPC Fear about?"by Liu, Dongxing, "Right-safeguarding and fighting against violent repression with 60 Years of CPC's Regime Established". by Wang Jun,"The women in China Mailand Whose Human Rights were Deprived of" by Xu Pei from Germany and "The Fraud of 8 Charters' Provisional Constitution "by Peng, Xiaoming from Germany.

    Yang, Jianli pointed out that the celebration of the 60th anniversary of establishing the CPC's regime was carried out under martial law or semi martial law. This regime which changed the people into the enemy in any time can never overcome fear in heart of losing the power. He did a brief evaluation of China's communist regime with four coordinates system: the coordinate system of Chinese history, the coordinate system of international development, the coordinate system of the CPC's 60 years of regime and the coordinate system of the relation between taxpayers and the government. In Chinese history, the reign of the CPC was the only period that common people had neither technology balances nor system balances for government, the cruel and corruption levels of it could not be compared by any regime in the history. The CPC's regime had already become a teratosis in the world's history, any name,totalitarity, power, right-wing autocracy, left-wing autocracy, after-totalitarity ect. could not summarize its properties very well. The CPC's regime was a regime which had economic plunder, united right-wing and left-wing autocracy,let bureaucracy group be gangdom, was pragmatism with no fetter of ideology or underline but political defensive, implemented the police's one-party state control.

    Liu, Xianbin indicated that the"National Day" of October 1,was the day the rulers celebrated themseives rather than the National Day celebration, it was not on behalf of China's birth, but the establishment of the CPC's regime. This year's "National Day" was very different from before, it felt very unlucky. In order to guarantee "National Day"grand ceremony run well, the authorities mobilized hundreds of thousands of police around Beijing to set up many defensive lines, and examined the vehicles and people came in Beijing carefully. The tension of the authorities could even be described as" To see every bush and tree on Mount Bagong as an enemy soldier ". The "National Day" review was much the same as the reviews of the former Soviet Union, north Korea and Cuba ect., nothing but being neat and uniform. This kind of oneness was exactly the most important feature of communism system. Eliminating noise and personality, was hope for ruler, but misfortune and disaster for citizen. During the celebration,the masses gathered at the tiananmen gate and shouted "hooray"was just like Mao, Zedong met Red Guard in the "culture revolution",which was disgusting and infuriating.

    3.Deep Grief at Lady Lin, Xiling

    On September 21,the famous Chinese rightist who was not corrected whole life , lady Lin,Xiling died in Paris, France. On September 29,the memorial of lady Lin,Xiling was held in the newsroom of"Beijing spring" in New York. On October 18, the memorial of lady Lin,Xiling in Beijing was held breaking through the obstrucd authorities. In the column "Deep Grief at Lady Lin, Xiling ", we published about the memorial activities in New York, Beijing and four obituarys: "She has Never Forgeten the People" by Fang,Wenji from Shandong, "Lin, Xiling's Symbolic Significance"by Wang, Juntao ", "The Talented Woman Died in Foreign Country While The CPC's Regime Put on a Show of Peace and Prosperity" by Wen Qiang from Shandong, "Grief at Chen, Haiguo"by Zhou,Suzi from New Zealand.

    The chief editor of the "Beijing Spring",Hu Ping hosted the meeting in New York. The original director of the politics research institute of Chinese academy of social sciences, Yan, Jiaqi; Wang, Ruowang's wife, Mrs. Yang Zi; vice director of the "world weekly" Zeng, Huiyan; Lin,Xi ling's living friends,Lu Ping, Lian,Wenshan; political scholars Wang, Juntao, Zhao Yan; as well as the editor of the "Beijing Spring",Zhou,Yicheng (Ya Yi) participated in the memorial. Hu Ping read the obituary "Deep Grief at Elder Sister, Lin, Xiling"by Wang, Shuyao, the rightist from Beijing University, it said the elder sister was selfless and fearless all her life,a heroine woman not willing to be left behind the men.Yan, JiaQi thought the suffering of Lin, Xiling was the contemporary China's suffering. In contemporary China, no justice was needed, anybody who fight for justice would meet with catastrophe. Lin, Xiling's fight for justice was totally ignored. Zhou,YiCheng who had interview with Lin, Xiling pointed out that China had illuminaties,including Lin,Xiling;the depth of the criticism to autocracy by the 1950s' excellent rightists exceeded some activists' cognition decades later; Lin, Xiling deserved to be called the flag of Chinese free intellectuals; absolute autocracy and obscurantism ruling gave contemporary Chinese ideology no history, but fragments; Lin, Xiling was a dissident for any rulers, she always kept away from the dignitarys, this was especially important in China, because Chinese scholars were easier better-bribed. On October 18,Lin, Xiling's memorial was hold in the restaurant "Tianxiayan"in downtown Beijing, almost 100 people participanted , including so many young scholars and celebrities except rightists fellow suffers. The memorial was held as scheduled under the public security and maintain stability office's monitoring and plainclothes officer. It was presided over by the rightist Wang, ShuYao from Beijing University and Du Guang from the central party school, gave the opening speech, read the memorial manuscripts by Qian, Liqun, Chen, Fengxiao, Tan, Tianrong. Zhang,Zhixin's sister, Yang Jia's defence lawyer and researcher of former state policy research fellow,Yao, Jianfu, professor of Beijing University, Li Lin, civil activist Chen, Ziming, GaoYu, Wu, Xiuquan son-in-law, Cui, Weiping, and HuangXiaoLu came from New York all gave the statement in the meeting.

    The article of Wang,Juntao pointed out that many people in China's right groups were undeserved, there were some even got rank, riches, power after being changed. Did have some rightists seeked the democracy and freedom ,and never surrendered. Ge Yang was a completely honest rightist, who no money and rank could confuse, no poverty and hardship could shake, and no power and force could suffocate. Although Lin, Xiling's thought had had been indecisive before, the heroism ambition, deserved to be called upholding justice; the momentum of never succumbing to the autocracy,Had a great impact on everyone. Seeing today's dilemma, the problem real worth looking into was the political lesson the rightists left for us.The pain of the rightist who were represented by Lady Lin,Xiling was not simple humiliation, the moral the rightists had kept to was not only the integrity that no money and rank could confuse, no poverty and hardship could shake, but the difficult choices after the political game being cruel.

    4.Watch China's Corrupt Financial Interests

    In the column of " Political Situation in China " we published "The CPC's Political Ethic with no Ethic"by Tan, Maiweng from Hubei, "Support Liu, Xiaobo" by Chen, Ziming from Beijing, " What Should Wen,Jiabao Do for Liu, Yaoxuan's Resignation" by Zhao Yan from Beijing, and "Watch China's Corrupt Financial Interests"by Xin Sheng from Wuhan.

    Xin Sheng's article put forward the issue of when would China's financial reform inside story be opened. The author indicated the way of overseas listed Chinese state-owned commercial Banks was a quick way of family enterprises becoming rich. Such kind of useing state-owned commercial banks overseas listing to become financial big alligator was crime.The children and the relatives of thr top decision makers of financial reform, might not gain any interests from the reform, which was the basic knowledge of law, also the basic principles of the world financial reform. But in China, the children of senior cadres who returned from the overseas soon ranked among financial market, and complicit with the western countries investment bank, they packChina's financial institutions and let them listed. In the process of listed, the prices of China's commercial banks had been greatly underestimated,China's financial institutions' reform became western investment banks' crack feast. The author thought that during the recent years, financial regulators corruption cases growth frequency increased, so did the money amount involved and the level of the officials. Because China's financial regulator system had serious defect, providedthe opportunity given by for the corrupt members. The western developed countries' financial regulators were unique special regulators,their officials were not only enslaved to the official state laws, but also accepted supervision by government, congress and the financial institutions. Double supervision mechanism ensured the financial institutions were always in transparent condition. China's financial regulators were neither fish nor fowl regulatory system,it could get both regulatory costs from financial institutions according to the so-called "international practice" and the various welfare as working personnel of the state administrative organs , and became not only independent from administration organizations, but also not geared with international standards, special social organization. Only completely opening China's financial markets, allowing more enterprises to enter financial sector, through the establishment of autonomous organizations, maintaining their legitimate interests, the issue of corruption in China's financial regulators could fundamentally solved.

     

     

    Achievements:

    Comments from famous international scholars

    Selected Letters from Readers

    Distinguished Democrats Award

    7 Years of "Beiiing Spring": A Summary [1993-2000]

     

    Comments from famous international scholars

    Fang Lizhi, professor of physics at University of Arizona. As the former vice president of Chinese University of Science and Technology, he inspired the 1989's Chinese Democracy movement and then was forced to seek refuge in the American Embassy for about a year after the June 4 crackdown.

    To the Editor: 

    The purpose of this letter is to say something positive about "Beijing Spring", and this is from the bottom of my heart. Over the past 8 years, I have read every issue of the journal. I would at least take a glimpse of the title and author of the "Beijing Spring" in the busiest of my times. I would put every issue of "Beijing Spring" in my living room, making my guests, especially those from the other side of the Pacific Ocean, become sleepless. One of the members of the Investigation Committee of my case during the "Cultural Revolution" became a friend of mine and visited me recently. He spent 3 sleepless nights in reading the "Beijing Spring" journal of the past 5 years, and he read the journal more carefully than I did. It appears that this journal indeed has its attractions, or charms, if I can use this word to describe this journal. 

    "Beijing Spring" is not ideal of course, and not all of the published articles are good ones; however, the dedication of editors and authors to freedom, democracy, human rights and legal system is reflected in every printed word of the journal. This is exactly the attraction of the journal, especially those readers who have been living in an environment of no press freedom. My thanks are to those editors and authors who have provided such a window so that the darkness is no longer a dream for quest of freedom, and more, thinking about the quest for freedom. 

    Fang Lizhi    July 29, 2000 

    **********************

    Yu Ying-shi, professor of history at Princeton University. Mr. Yu has been a leading critic on the tyranny of the Chinese communists after he left China in 1950. After the Chinese government crackdown on the Democracy Movement in 1989, he devoted himself into helping the fled Chinese activists to settle down in the U.S and setting up the Princeton China Initiative.

    To "Beijing Spring" Editorial Office: 

    Mr. Editor: I have received the "7-Year Summary of Beijing Spring" and I would like to express my appreciation of it. "Beijing Spring" covers a wide range of issues, while it can make in-depth coverage on all of them. It is not an easy thing to do. Articles on current events are often very sharp and to the point, and readers are able to obtain a clear idea on the most recent situation and trend in Mainland China. This contribution is especially helpful to overseas readers, and is indicative to readers in Mainland China. According to my knowledge, readers in Mainland China are anxious to have access to your journal. One of my friends recently paid a visit to Xi'an, and detained and interrogated by the public security bureau; and one of the charges for his arrest was that he sent "Beijing Spring" journal to one of the dissidents in there. Later it was through the interference of the US government was he released and returned to the US. I knew about this event in detail and would like to release this information to you. Besides, articles in your journal on spiritual analysis, theoretical debate have reached a very high academic level, which should win fair appraisal. When intellectuals want to seek routes for resolving problems about China, "Beijing Spring" should be one of the most valuable resources for them to resort to. On the other side, "Beijng Spring" can be regarded as having inherited the traditions of "Xin Min Cong Bao" and "New Youth". 

    I have just returned from a long journey and feel very tired, therefore I am stopping here. The above words are for your reference only. 

    With my regards 

    Yu Yingshi    July 31,2000 

    *********************

     Yu Haocheng, well-known legal scholar, former head of Qunzhong Press of China's Ministry of Public Security.

    Beijing Spring: The True Voice of Free People 

    Yu Haocheng   August 1, 2001

    Mao Zedong once wrote an article titled 'JOn Uniformity of Public Opinion" .He understood well that he who controls public opinion controls people's thought and consequently the whole country. Accordingly, the half -century totalitarian rule by the Chinese Communist Party created a "silent China? After Beijing won the sponsorship of the 2008 Olympic Games, the CCP did not relax political grip as many had expected. On the contrary, it further tightened control over the news media. Recently, it even violated an agreement and deleted the comments on human rights in Secretary of State Powell's speech in Beijing, making it difficult for the Chinese people to know what he had said. 

    Beijing Spring is one of the very few journals published by the overseas Chinese living in freedom to report on the reality of the Chinese society and voice the true feelings of the Chinese people. Just like Voice of America and Radio Free Asia, Beijing Spring is absolutely needed and not substitutable for those who no longer want to act deaf and mute, especially for the Chinese intellectuals. As CCP diplomatic and overseas Chinese affairs personnel as well as their publications such as Overseas Chinese Daily are spreading all kinds of untruths to deceive the overseas Chinese, I sincerely hope that Beijing Spring will become better and better. The voice of free people should never be stifled, and I am hopeful that the time when the "sound of spring" is heard in Beijing and allover China will come quite soon. 

    ********************

    Wang Ruowang, well-known Chinese writer.

    Mr. Hu Ping, Chief Editor: 

    I have reviewed your letter of request for comments. Based on the contents of the "Beijing Spring" from January to July, I am herein making the following evaluation: 

    Good articles: "The Stormy 50 Years of New China" by Li Sheng Zhi, as published on the January issue. This article utilizes abundant information, its analysis is objective, and the argument is credible. 

    "The Anti-corruption Show Conducted by the Chinese Communists" by Jin Feng on the April issue. This article points directly to the target, and revealed the mega corruption scandal concealed by the Communist Chinese authorities. The information is valuable. 

    "The Historical Mistake The Communist Chinese Government Made in Eliminating Private Ownership System" by Zhu Zhezhong on the July issue makes good points and good comparisons. It reveals the so~rce for the catastrophe in which tens of millions of Chinese people suffered and the false big words of Zhu Rongji. 

    Something should be done about the Fa Lun Gong, and since April to June, on each issue, there has been coverage of the event. There is an 18-page coverage on the April and May issues, while there are 12 pages on the April issue alone. There is some repetition, and also words from outside of the topic. 

    Please always be aware of the orientation: reveal the criminal nature of the Communist Chinese authorities and the realization of the ideology of the people. The above is for reference only. 

    Wang Ruowang    July 27, 2000

    **********************

    Kam Yiu Yu, weii-known political commentator, former editor in chief of Wen Hui Daily (Hong Kong)

    Let Us Give Beijing Spring All the Possible Support 

    Kam Yiu Yu
    August 10,2001

    During the 1989 democracy movement and the June 4 massacre, I was filled with anger and grief. As editor of Wen Hui daily in Hong Kong, I secretly collaborated with a few trusted friends and had the four characters "tong xin ji shou" (heart hurts, head sickens) printed on the front page of our newspaper in order to condemn the criminal killings of students and the suppression of democracy by the Chinese Communist Party. In 1991, I withdraw from CCP, a group I had served for half a: century beginning with the War of Resistance against Japan, and drifted over the Pacific and came to the U. S. Thereafter, I continued to oppose CCP' s one -party totalitarian rule and its harmful policies and support China's democracy and freedom movement. 

    Before coming to the U. S. , I was a bit worried, because I was not sure whether, once settled in the U. S. , I could still have publications to read that report on China's democracy and freedom movement. Without this kind of publications, I would be insulated from China and forced to give up following and supporting the movement. Life would be without meaning, political influence would be unrealistic, and hope would be lost. 

    I was therefore pleasantly surprised when I saw Beijing Spring magazine. Its contents showed that the forces of democracy and freedom continued to expand within China抯 social and academic circles, and that the people continued to wage their tireless, fearless struggle even after the June 4 massacre. The magazine also exposed, documented and criticized CCP抯 suppression of democracy movement, both through imprisonment and through propaganda, throughout China, and reported on and encouraged Chinese pro -democracy activities allover the world, including U. S., Europe and Asia.

    China's internal and external situation can be so summarized: CCP抯 winter has arrived. If so, how can Beijing's spring be remote? Those of us who have been promoting democracy and freedom from overseas can see that we indeed have helped and encouraged the people in China. At the same time, we clearly need to do more and better. As writer, we must now make more effort. More specifically, we must give Beijing Spring all the possible support, so that the friends at Beijing Spring, who have worked very hard for years, can have the magazine continued until spring finally comes to Beijing and all China. At that point, amid the melodies of democracy and freedom, we will help send Beijing Spring back to Beijing, back to China.

    As someone who takes part in the democracy movement through writing, I see clearly that the overall trends in and outside of China show that the confrontation between democracy and freedom and communist dictatorship is now in its final stage. I pledge to work harder to write articles for Beijing Spring, to expose the cruelty of the CCP rule and explain that China will inevitably follow the examples of the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. To show my appreciation of the hard work done by the friends at Beijing Spring, I have decided not to accept any writer's fees for my articles. It is my hope that the U.S. foundations and overseas Chinese (especially the business people) will also do their part to support Beijing Spring. 

    ********************

    Perry Link, professor of East Asian Studies at Princeton University. He specializes in 20th-century Chinese literature and is very concerned with human rights condition in Mainland China.

    For eight years Beijing Spring has been, along with Democratic China. Leading journal for people who ate seriously interested in a more open, democratic, humane and peaceful China. Its incisive and well -informed writing not only offers the public good analyses of politics, thought, and society, it further stands as an important symbol that the rulers in Beijing have no monopoly on speaking for the Chinese people. 

    Perry Link, May,    200l 

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    Guo Luoji, a leading liberal theoretician who was driven out of Beijing by Former Chairman Deng Xiaoping because of his political opinion. In 1992, he sued the Chinese government for human rights abuses in a Federal Court of law. Now he is a visiting scholar at Harvard University.

    My View on the Seven- Year Summary of "Beijing Spring"

     Guo Luoji 

    The Seven-Year Summary of"Beijing Spring" truly reflects the process of "Beijing Spring" over the past 7 years. 

    As a political commentary journal of China's democracy movement, "Beijing Spring" has done a very good job. On one side, it inherits the tradition of China's Xi Dan Democracy Wall, keeps contact with democracy activists in China; on the other side, it takes the advantage of the situation of freedom of speech overseas to voice extensive views over China's pressing problems, and debates such theoretical issues of freedom, democracy, human rights and judiciary system; it is the bridge to connect China's democracy movement between China and overseas. "Beijing Spring" has become the default spokesman for China's overseas democracy movement at a time when democracy organizations overseas have split apart and cannot voice an orchestrated view. People in China can only learn about overseas democracy movement from "Beijing Spring".

     "Beijing Spring" has done tremendous work with a limited staff. From the published journal itself, "Beijing Spring" has developed into a website and Internet forum, and in this way expanded its influence. It has made the customs check system of the Chinese government, which aims at resisting freedom and democracy, lose its effectiveness. 

    I hope "Beijing Spring" will overcome its difficulties and strive to go forward, and will someday return to its nascent place, Beijing and become a true "Beijing Spring". 

    July 24, 2000 

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    Andrew Nathan, professor of Political Science and Director of East Asian Institute at Columbia University. His teaching and research interests include Chinese politics and foreign policy, the comparative study of political participation and political culture, and human rights. He has published numerous books and articles on China's politics.

    Andrew J. Nathan 

    Suppression of Democratization and Human Rights in China A Plea for Support for Beijing Spring 

    Winston L. Yang, Ph. D
    Professor of Asian Studies
    Seton Hall University
    South Orange, NJ 07052
    August 12, 2001

    Despite the tremendous advances in economic reforms and development in the PRC in recent years, China's suppression of democratization has been intensified and its human rights record has worsened. Numerous advocates and participants of the democracy movement have been jailed, and organizations advocating democratization have been dismantled in China by the Chinese Communist authorities. Even Chinese -American scholars visiting their homeland have been arrested simply because of their convictions in democratic reforms. Human rights abuses have been widespread and thousands of cases have been reported. Numerous Chinese citizens have sought political asylum in the U. S. 

    Therefore, one of the major goals of American policy toward China is to move China toward democratization and respect for human rights. Radio Free Asia, Voice of America and other organizations have developed programs to advance such goals. Many private American foundations have also given grants to support U. S. publications and organizations designed to reach such goals. 

    However, many such organizations and publications have been discontinued for lack of sufficient support. 

    Beijing Spring, one of the oldest and the most important journals advocating democracy in China, has thus become the, last such publication which, too, will cease publication if financial support is not forthcoming. 

    Since its initial publication in 1993, Beijing Spring has reached thousands of readers in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, North America and Western Europe. Secretly brought into China by those travelling there, Beijing Spring has become the single most influential publication supporting the democracy drive in China. It cannot and should not be allowed, therefore, to cease publication. Otherwise, it will be a fatal blow to the growing democratization movement in China. As a result, accurate information and active support for democracy and human rights protection will disappear. The U. S. will never be able to achieve its foreign policy goals toward the PRC. 

    It is my sincere hope, therefore, that the u. S. Government and American foundations will provide necessary support to Beijing Spring so that it will continue to extend its great influence and impact on China's democratization drive. I support its request for financial support whole-heartedly and without any reservation whatsoever. 

    Over seven years, Beijing Spring has provided broad coverage of developments at home and abroad affecting the prospects fro democracy in China. The editors exercised good judgment in focusing on important trends in politics, society, and thought. The journal reminded its readers that there is more than one voice representing China in the world today, and more than one way to think about China' national interests. Perhaps most important, the journal offered itself as one of the few forums where Chinese could carry out free theoretical debate on issues of their nation's past and future.

     Andrew J. Nathan July    31,2000 

    **********************

    Liu Binyan, famous writer. He was reporter with People's Daily, the official newspaper in China before 1987. Because of his resounding articles on Chinese corruption and brutality, he was criticized, expelled and barred from publishing. He is now a fellow of the Princeton China Initiative.

    Liu Binyan 

    On "7-Year Summary of Beijing Spring": 

    Point 3 of the "7- Year Summary of Beijing Spring", i.e., "Systematically promoting the research and debate on major theoretical issues", is one of the most important characteristics of the journal, and played its role in guiding people in China as well as overseas to find a way to China's democratization process. However, one of the aspects is not mentioned. "Beijing Spring" has been revealing the facts in various ways of major events over the past 50 years. Some of the people in the 30's I met with in Europe and America said that they knew from "Beijing Spring" the truth about " Anti-Rightist Campaign", "The Big Leap Forward", the Big Famine and the "Cultural Revolution". 

    Liu Binyan    AUG 1 2000

    ***********************

    Su Shaozhi, chairman of Princeton China Initiative. Once served as the director of the Institute of Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong Thought of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, he is a leading liberal political theoretician in China.

    Su Shaozhi 

    "Beijing Spring" Editorial Office: 

    "The 7- Year Summary of Beijing Spring" was received. It reflects the facts, contains sharp viewpoints, and is a very good article. 

    The future ofChina's politics depends mainly on the economy, and I hope that the journal will publish more articles of analysis and reports on China's economic situation, preferably supported by systematic statistics. 

    It is a very good thing that your journal has been able to publish numerous articles by mainland authors. This helps overseas people realize the true situation in China. As one of the authors of the "Open-up" journal was arrested by the Chinese government, I would suggest that you take measures to protest the safety of mainland authors. 

    With my regards, 

    Su Shaozhi    July 13,2000 

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    Yang Yinbo(Chinese Famous Political Critics) Eight Suggestions About Current China (Liberty Times) 

    I always received complaints from many correspondents and democrats about untrusting democratic reports from overseas media for commercial or political reasons. I advised those media people to read Beijing Spring much often in order to re-cultivate democratic attitude. From my observation, Beijing Spring can be called as a banner for famous overseas media. Other magazines such as Observation, Huanhua Kang, and Democracy China follow.

     According to the Beijing Spring Summery mailed from Mr. Xue Wei, Beijing Spring has five advantages worth other media learning. First, Beijing Spring paid close attention to Mainland China抯 social and political changes as well as democracy and human rights movement. Second, it reported in detail current new development of democratic movement. Third, it follows its plan to push the discussion of important theories for Chinese democracy. Forth, it paid attention to two-straits relationship and ethical problems. Fifth, it targeted at Mainland China and focused on the relationship with domestic readers. I hope various website, forums and web journals can learn from the above five emphasis of Beijing Spring. 

    SEP. 20, 2003  (Liberty Times)

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    Selected Letters from Readers:

    Topic: A letter from a Chinese student in Mainland China

    Dear editors of Beijing Spring Magazine:

    I am a college student in Mainland China and very excited to know your web site from an accidental opportunity. Since long time ago, we are unable to understand the facts as a result of Chinese Communist Party's news blockade and even begin to have some misunderstanding towards the history under the influence of the Communist Party's propaganda, which controls the truth and makes the lie believable after repeating 1000 times.

    I am a Huangpu Military Academy's descendant. Many relatives of my grandfathers gave their lives for our country in the Sino-Japanese War. There are several Kuomintang and Communist Party generals in my family. After the liberation, they were persecuted and brutally suppressed many times during multiple movements, especially in the Great Cultural Revolution and the June forth Democracy Movements, just because they wanted to speak for the people. The Chinese Communist Party called them "the persons who should automatically disappear after the liberation".

    As theirs posterity, I accepted the patriotic education since childhood and have always hoped to do something for my motherland. But as a result of my family, it is very difficult for me to contact the outside. I can not access Internet, not to mention your website. With the help of a foreign friend, I got your email address. Without any other choices, I had to write to you by email. I hope that you can help me to know the truth and history with letter or mails. Since my internet connection is often interfered by the National Security Officers, please think the email contact as the last option. And also please give me an opportunity to work for the democratic undertaking.

    Looking forward to hearing from you.

    A patriotic Student in China

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    Distinguished Democrats Award 

    Beijing Spring were elected as distinguished democrats reward by Chinese Democracy Educational Fund in 2002. The ceremony will be held on May 4 at Holiday Inn Hotel in Los Angeles.

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    7 Years of "Beiiing Spring": A Summary [1993-2000]

    "Beijing Spring" Editorial Office, June 2000

    In the first half of 1993, in view of certain changes at that time in the internal relationship within overseas Chinese democracy organizations, some editors of "China Spring", a former overseas democracy journal, began to publish a new magazine. In May of that year, "Beijing Spring" made its debut in New York, USA. Because "Beijing Spring" was a name of a major democracy journal during the "Democracy Wall" movement in Beijing in 1979, the new "Beijing Spring" journal made its appearance in New York under the same name. The new "Beijing Spring" retained characteristics of the "China Spring" journal as a publication on overseas democracy movement, except that the "Beijing Spring" did not belong to a certain democracy organization, therefore did not play the role of a spokesman of an organization. This journal serves the overall democracy movement in China, and since then maintained a good relationship with various democracy organizations in China as well as overseas. Over the past 7 years, during the publication process of the 86 issues, "Beijing Spring" has stuck to the ideal of establishing a new China of freedom, democracy, human rights and law, and has fully reported new developments on democracy and human rights movements in China as well as overseas, timely introduced new changes in the political, economical and cultural aspects in the Chinese society, organized readers to engage in debates and discussions on major theoretical issued, and enriched the contents of the magazine, as well as enhanced communications with authors and readers in China and overseas, therefore has played an important role in the participation in and promotion of China's democracy activities. In the last 7 years, there has been significant change in the authors, contents, editing and publication, expansion of edition and circulation of "Beijing Spring", which has won approval from different walks of life and readers.

    1. Pays Close Attention to Social and Political Changes in Mainland China and Development of Democracy and Human Rights Movement

    The death of Deng Xiaoping, the return of Hong Kong and Macao to China, the Convening of the 15th Representative Conference of China Communist Party, the Replacement of Zhu Rongji over Li Peng as Prime Minister, Jiang Zemin's visit to the US, the release of Wei Jingsheng and Wang Dan and their exile overseas, US President Clinton's visit to China, the party organization movement of China Democracy Party, Fa Lun Gon's demonstrations, the direct election of the Taiwan President in 1996, and the peaceful handover of power in Taiwan in 2000, etc., are major events that were closely associated with the democracy movement in mainland China over the past 7 years. Before and after the occurrence of these events, "Beijing Spring" timely organized and published articles to reflect the mainstream viewpoints from democracy organizations of China as well as abroad. After Deng Xiaoping's death in 1997, on the April issue of "Beijing Spring", 23 articles were published over the assessment of Deng Xiaoping (including articles from "China Democracy and Freedom Alliance" of Human, a mainland Chinese democracy organization), and provided an in-depth view over the impact of this event on the Chinese society. The column of "Hong Kong and Macao Commentary" is a new one on the "Beijing Spring" journal only in recent years. On the June and August issues of "Beijing Spring" in 1997, more than 20 reports and articles were published focusing on the return of Hong Kong to China. After the convention of the China Communist Party's 15th Representative Conference, on the November 1997 issue of "Beijing Spring", there was a special edition on the assessment of the conference. "Beijing Spring" invited Fang Lizhi, Yu Haocheng, Liu Bingyan, Su Shaozhi, Zhang Weiguo and other prominent figures to give their in-depth views on this event. In December 1997, a special edition of "Beijing Spring", named "Give Jiang Zemin A Lesson on Democracy", was published on Jiang Zemin's visit to the US, reporting in detail on activities of protest by democracy activists and American friends throughout the United States, along with the publication of relevant documents. "Beijing Spring" also published a special edition in commemoration of the 40th anniversary of the " Anti- Rightist Campaign".

    The major social changes in Mainland China that the "Beijing Spring" has been paying close attention to not only include those in policy and organizations of the senior level regime, but also those in the economical interests and social rights of the grass-root workers and farmers. In the spring of 1998, at the National People's Congress and the Political Consultative Conference, Zhu Rongji replaced Li Peng as the prime minister of the Chinese government. This was a significant change in China's politics, and the world media showed great interest in this. The May issue of "Beijing Spring" in 1998 provided comprehensive coverage and comment on this event under the topic of "On the New Deal of Zhu Rongji". Jin Yaoru, Yu Haocheng and other political commentators were invited to make detailed estimates and analysis on the new "triangle" relationship among Jiang, Zhu and Li within the Communist Chinese leadership, political and economic problems that Zhu Rongji was going to face, and the possibility of a new situation that Zhu Rongji was expected to create to the Chinese political system. On the March and April 1998 issues of "Beijing Spring", the journal organized debates on "reform versus rights of workers and farmers" and "overview on Mainland China" respectively. Numerous trade union leaders, during the 89' democracy movement, who were then engaging in workers' movement in Hong Kong, to provide comments and analysis on the campaign of workers' layoff and the workers' movement in mainland China, and on the serious social problems of violation of farmers' rights during the reform, appealing for ordinary Chinese people who were suppressed and exploited. The large-scale flooding in the summer of 1998 brought tremendous catastrophe to the Chinese society and economics. On the October issue of "Beijing Spring", we provided a comprehensive review over this "natural disaster and artificial catastrophe" from social, political, economic and ecological perspectives, revealing the damage to the natural and social environment of China that the China Communist Party caused during its rule in the past several decades.

    Organized democracy and human rights movements in China are the main focus of " Beijing Spring". In the past 2 years a number of democracy activists outside of the system in China have persisted in lawful dissident activities, evolving later into public organization of "China Democracy Party". The movement was severely cracked down by the Communist Chinese authorities. This is a major event from 1998 to 1999 in China 's political life. During the occurrence and developing stage of this event, "Beijing Spring" timely introduced developments in the application and registration of "China Democracy Party", released a series of reviews, and published a special edition in the September 1998 issue of "Beijing Spring" on the "Event of China Democracy Party". In 1999, "Beijing Spring" provided continuous follow-up reports and reviews on this event. On the February issue of that year, "Beijing Spring" timely reported on the news of follow-up hunger strike by 200 Chinese democracy activists in support of the China Democracy Party, summarized on the detailed process of the suppression of the members of the China Democracy Party, released the court decisions and the defending testimonies of Wang Youcai and Xu Wenli in court, published articles by the daughters of Xu Wenli and Qin Yongmin, and related testimony of Yao Zhenxian, a former China Democracy Party member in Shanghai who just came to the United States. Later. "Beijing Spring" published an article on revision of the Constitution written by Gao Hongming, a member of the China Democracy Party in Beijing (April 1999), "Strategy of Governing the Country in Peaceful Times" by Dong Shidong, a member of the China Democracy Party in Hunan, "Retrospect on Party Organization" by Zhou Jianhe, a member of the China Democracy Party in Shanghai, report by our journalist on Xie Wanjun, representative figure of China Democracy Party who just came to the United States (August issue), court testimony of Cha J ianguo and Gao Hongming, members of the China Democracy Party (October issue). By doing so, the "Beijing Spring" provided to the reader a panorama on the organization and development of China Democracy Party.

    A new wave of spiritual liberation initiated by a number of liberal intellectuals in the cultural and spiritual areas has been the focus of interest in the media both in China and overseas, as well as the major coverage of the "Beijing Spring". On the January issue of "Beijing Spring" in 1998, an introduction was made on the "freelance author" that appeared in China recently, which was written by an author in Mainland China. On the February issue, "Beijing Spring" published an article named "China Needs New Changes", which was written by Fang Jue, a pioneer of the democratic faction within the Communist regime. On the May issue of "Beijing Spring", articles and pictures on the introduction of a new wave of liberal ideology as initiated by the "Beijing Spring", as originally published on the "Far East Economic Review" of Britain and "Newsweek" of the US, were published. In addition, "Beijing Spring" also published an article on liberalism by Liu Jun Nin of Beijing (June issue), "China Needs Deeper Spiritual Liberation" by Jiang Qisheng and Su Chang (September issue), and an article by He De Pu on the introduction to the grass-root election in Beijing. As mainly composed of liberal intellectuals, the China Development Alliance (Zhong Fa Lian), which appeared to be shrewd in its political orientation, is also a political opposition organization in China in recent years. In a certain period, "Beijing Spring" provided extensive coverage on its activities. On the January 1999 issue, "Beijing Spring" published a statement by Peng Ming, director of the China Development Alliance, on press freedom; on the March issue, "Beijing Spring" published a press release by Yi Gai, secretary of the. Executive Bureau of the China Development Alliance, who just arrived in the United States; on the May and September issues, "Beijing Spring" published reviews by Wang Jianlin of the China Development Alliance on the bombing of the Chinese Embassy by the NATO and on the Fa Lun Gong incident. All these have made the China Development Alliance have ample opportunity in making clear of its social and political ideals, as well as let people understand the political aspirations of this opposition organization.

    In addition to detailed introductions to the organized opposition political movements in Mainland China, "Beijing Spring" has been closely following abrupt civilian opposition movements. Since 1999, the most significant event in China is the Fa Lun Gong incident, and the sporadic, although incessant, road-blocking and hunger-strike movements throughout China in protest of corruption. At the nascent stage of the Fa Lun Gong practitioners' besiege of the Zhong Nan Hai in Beijing, "Beijing Spring" made a timely introduction to this incident on its June 1999 issue, and at the same time published talks by prominent figures in Mainland China on this incident. On the September 1999 issue, "Beijing Spring" featured "Fa Lun Gong" in publishing a series of articles on the crackdown of this spiritual movement by the Communist Chinese government, including Hu Ping's "Fa Lun Gong, Two Countries and Super-boundary War". Later, "Beijing Spring" published a secret letter to Jiang Zemin and Zhu Rongji, written by Wang Youqun, an official at the Regulations Office of the Disciplinary Committee of the China Communist Party. The author of the letter was a practitioner of Fa Lun Gong. In the letter the author praised Fa Lun Gong and Li Hongzhi. It is said that it was this letter that greatly infuriated Jiang Zemin, who initiated the massive crackdown of the Fa Lun Gong (October issue). We also published a review named "Why Should Fa Long Gong Suffer Such Catastrophe", written by one of our readers in Beijing (November issue), and news of Fa Lun Gong practitioners defiance of the crackdown in holding a press conference (December issue). Since the beginning of this year, "Beijing Spring" has closely followed developments of the Fa Lun Gong incident.

    Over the past several years there have been frequent civil disturbance in mainland China as a result of massive layoff of employees of state-run enterprises and government's failure to pay wages and pension on time, city residents protesting against government's measure of forcible relocation, and cheating in illegal fund-raising, and Christians protesting against restrictions on religious freedom, farmers protesting exorbitant taxatiol'1, etc. On the column of the "News of Democracy Activities in China and Overseas" of "Beijing Spring", the journal has provided extensive and detailed coverage over the non-political and non-organizational protests by civilians, including the protest by more than 1000 investors in front of the provincial government building in Wuhan in 1999, the protest by 700 laid-off employees in Sichuan, the clash between 500 Christians with public security agents in Xian because they wanted to protect their church, the siege of 2000 Linghe City residents on the city government building in Inner Mongolia, attacks on township governments by 5000 farmers in Hunan, and the big riot in Chongqing by 2000 people triggered by the government's measure to curb the illegal fund-raising. This year, we also reported incidents such as that about 1000 taxi drivers in Sichuan province blocked roads in protest, and the protest by 1500 students of Beijing University over the rape and murder of a female student. These civil disturbances do not have such obvious political impact as the organization of the China Democracy Party, however, they signaled the social situation of today's China. In addition to the continuous report on the news by the journal, "Beijing Spring" also published a special edition last November on the issue of "corruption and anti-corruption", in which detailed and in-depth discussions and research were made over the "Corruption of the System" as currently prevalent in China. We published articles written by scholars in and outside of China on suggestions and possible solutions to the corruption in today's China.

    Looking on China from a global view is one of the starting points of the " Beijing Spring". On the column of "World View", there have been comments and views on international issues, and some of the major events have become headline stories. President Clinton's visit to China was one of the major events in the world, and had a significant impact on China's politics. On the August 1998 issue of "Beijing Spring", we focused on this event by discussing the impact of Clinton's visit to China on the society and politics of China. Zhu Rongji's visit to the United States and the "anti-US" wave in Mainland China, triggered by the bombing of the Chinese Embassy to Yugoslavia by NATO, have been noticeable changes in 1999, and the Sino-US relationship has changed as a result. On the June 1999 issue of "Beijing Spring", we focused on this event by publishing a series of articles discussing this issue in detail, including Hu Ping's lengthy article, "The Event of the Embassy Bombing and the Crisis in the Sino-US Relationship". This article provided in-depth insights into the question of "accidental bombing or deliberate challenge" of the NATO missiles, and the issue of "Strategic Partnership and Contact" after the drastic changes in the Sino-US relationship within several days of the embassy bombing, Communist Chinese government's dilemma and the "competing for display of patriotism" as shown in the anti-US protests in mainland China. Later, this article was published on the "World Journal" in the name of the editorial office of the "Beijing Spring", clearly showing how we viewed this event.

    2. Report in Detail on New Developments in China Democracy Movement Overseas

    The overseas democracy activities and development have always been the focus of report of "Beijing Spring". In the past several years, "Beijing Spring" has maintained a certain cooperative relationship with various democracy and human rights organizations such as the China Alliance for Democracy, Democracy Front, Democracy Allied Front, Freedom and Democracy Party, China Democracy Party, Coordinating Committee for Overseas Democracy Organizations, Human Rights in China, China Peace, etc. "Beijing Spring" timely reported meetings and activities held by these organizations. In 1995, "Beijing Spring" reported such activities as the protest against Communist Chinese government's persecution of Chen Zhiming, protest against Jiang Zeming's coming to the United States for the United Nations' conference, and the protest against the imprisonment of Wei Jingsheng by the Communist Chinese government for the second time. In 1996, "Beijing Spring" published special comments on the rescue of Wei Jingsheng and Wang Dan, prominent Chinese democracy activists persecuted by the Communist Chinese government. In 1997, "Beijing Spring" directly participated in the coordination and organization of protest activities throughout the United States during Jiang Zemin's visit to the US, and drafted "A Public Letter to Mr. Jiang Zemin", co-signed with other major pro-democracy organizations. During the year, "Beijing Spring" reported on the action plan of "100 days in custody", initiated by New York democracy activists Chen Jun and Fu Shengqi, in protest of the Communist Chinese government's lengthy imprisonment of China's democracy activists, and the patriotic democracy activities of overseas Chinese people in defending the Diaoyu Island. In 1998, we reported activities organized by various democracy organizations and overseas Chinese organizations in protest of the merciless killing and raping of ethnic Chinese in Indonesia, as well as "Round-table meeting of the Tiananmen generation" as pioneered by Wang Dan, former student leader in Tiananmen; 20th anniversary of the "democracy wall" movement; activities in assisting the organization of China Democracy Party in China and the "overseas democracy movement conference" chaired by Wei Jingsheng, and we reported the incidents of Wang Bingzhang and Wang Ce's return to China in the spring and fall of 1998 respectively. In 1999 we reported on the research of "constitutional politics" by the Tiananmen Foundation and the Constitutional Democracy Forum and the appeal activities on 50 years of Communist dictatorship in China.

    The commemoration of the June 4 democracy movement each year has been the major work of the "Beijing Spring". Over the past 7 years, on the commemoration column of the "Beijing Spring" each year, more that 70 articles have been published, and we reported in detail the commemoration activities during the June 4 period throughout the world. Articles such as the "letter of appeal" by Wang Ganchang, a renowned scientist in China, on the realization of leniency in China, and words and activities of Ding Zilin and others appealing for families of "June 4" victims and the injured have won tremendous influence in China as well as the world.

    "Beijing Spring" has stuck to the ideal of chronologically recording China's democracy movement. It has visited and reported on democracy activists in China and dissident intellectuals who came to the United States on its column of "figure", including pioneers of China's democracy movement such as Wei Jingsheng, Wang Xizhe, Liu Qing, renowned physicist Fang Lizhi, writers Liu Bingyan and Wang Ruowang, theorist Su Shaozhi, legal expert Yu Haocheng, poet of the "democracy wall" Huang Xiang, old soldier for democracy movement Xu Shuiliang, student leaders in Tiananmen in 1989 such as Wang Dan, Xiong Ni, Xiang Xiaoji, Zhou Fengsuo, and Wang Juntao, who was called the "black hand" of the Tiananmen Incident, and Guo Luoji, prominent Chinese dissident, An Qi, renowned exile journalist, Liu Guokai, New York sponsor of association for denouncing atrocities against ethnic Chinese in Indonesia and Fu Shengqi, Tong Yi, Zhang Lin and more than 50 other figures.

    3. Systematically Promoting Debate and Discussion on Major Theoretical Issues

    The systematic discussion and debate of theoretical issues associated with China's democracy movement has been one of traditional programs of "Beijing Spring". During these 7 years, "Beijing Spring", in association with democracy and human rights organizations, has hold more than 10 forums on specific topics, and reported in detail on these meetings. Some of the forums are listed below.

    In 1995, after the exposure of the "black list" of the Chinese government barring entry into China by democracy activists, "Beijing Spring" timely organized a discussion on the issue of "black-listed figures", and Fang Lizhi, Wang Ruowang and Liu Bingyan attended the meeting. After the meeting, "Beijing Spring" covered this event with headline story on its May 1995 issue named "nationals are entitled to return to homeland".

    During the period of the 6th anniversary of the June 4 democracy movement in 1995, "Beijing Spring" organized a large-scale theoretical forum on the '89 democracy movement. According to some exiled student leaders attending the meeting, this forum was an event that attracted the most student leaders and reached the deepest theoretical problems since 1991. This kind of forum on specific topics had very good effect, and the attitude of fairness, carefulness and practicality of the "Beijing Spring" won praise from different factions of the overseas democracy organizations.

    In June 1996, during the 30th anniversary of the Cultural Revolution in mainland China, the Chinese Student Association at the Princeton University and "Beijing Spring" jointly held a forum called "30th Anniversary of the Cultural Revolution". More than 10 renowned scholars, specialists and witnesses to major events of the Cultural Revolution attended the meeting. They conducted systematic summary and debate over the theoretical and practical issues of the Cultural Revolution, and presented their views on the historical lesson of this movement, wars between different factions and massive violence, issues of the Red Guard, Rebels and Stay-aways "two Cultural Revolutions" and "Three-year Cultural Revolution", individual worship of Mao Zedong and the role of the army, and the bureaucratic system among Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai.

    In October 1996, together with the Holland and German branches of the Alliance for Democracy, "Beijing Spring" held "International Forum on Nationalism and China's Future". More than 50 people from 11 countries attended this meeting, and international media such BBC, French International Broadcasting Station, Europe Daily, Debate of Hong Kong, Frontier all provided coverage of this event. Many attendees pointed out that this was one of the few high-quality theoretical debates on democracy movement in recent years.

    In. January 1997, "Beijing Spring" held "Forum on the Future of China's Democracy Movement" in New York. For the purpose of summarizing the experience and achievement of the democracy movement in recent years, discussing the situation the democracy movement was facing, and tasks in the future and strategy, this forum was held and was attended by more than 100 overseas democracy activists from Australia, Japan, France, Britain, Germany, Canada, Taiwan and various parts of America. The forum focused on "Analysis on the Economic and Political Tendency in the Post-Deng Era", "Historical Problems and Current Status of China's Democracy Movement", "Options of Strategy and Future for China's Democracy Movement", "Role of Taiwan in China's Democracy Movement". This forum also passed a motion to promote Wei Jingsheng and Wang Dan as candidates for the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize, "Letter of Console to Imprisoned Chinese Democracy Activists During the Spring Festival", etc.

    In May 1997 "Beijing Spring" held a meeting named "Forum on the Future of Hong Kong After Its Handover to China" in London, England. The meeting focused on the future of Hong Kong, a British colony for 150 years after it was returned to China. More than 30 people from Japan, Hong Kong, America, Australia, Germany, France, Denmark, England, Holland attended this meeting, including Mr. Philip Baker, renowned lawyer in Britain as well as an executive of "Human Rights in China", and the "Guardian" columnist John Gittings. Journalists from the "Media TV" of Hong Kong, "Guangming Daily" London Station, and the New China News Agency covered this event. This meeting focused on such topics as "China Becomes More Like Hong Kong, or the Reverse", "Human Rights and Legal System in Hong Kong's Future", "Where Is The Future for Press Freedom in Hong Kong", "How the International Community Remains Concerned About Hong Kong", and "The Impact of Return of Hong Kong on China's Democracy Movement".

    In August 1997, together with the European Chinese Democracy Workers' Association, Today's China Research Center, "Beijing Spring" held "International Forum on the 3rd Anniversary of the European Chinese Democracy Workers' Association and post-Deng China". More than 30 scholars from 11 American, European and Asian countries attended this meeting. Half a year after Deng's death, research was made on the pressing issues on China's politics, economics, social and cultural issues and international relations after Deng's pass-away, and provided constructive strategy and suggestions to the promotion of political and economic reform in mainland China and the peaceful transition of the society. The Central News Agency of Taiwan, "Debate" and "Frontier" journals, United News of Hong Kong, "Europe Daily", "Frankfurt News" and the National Broadcasting Station of Holland, French Broadcasting Station, BBC of Britain, "Voice of Germany" Broadcasting Station, and "Beijing Spring" all dispatched reporters to cover this event. At the meeting, there was a press conference featuring "Chinese Scholars in China and Overseas Talk About the Issue of Zhao Zhiyang", and the media was very interested in speeches given by various individuals.

    In September 1997, "Beijing Spring' held "Forum on Nationalism: Talks Among Han, Tibetan, and Mongolian Nationalities" at its editorial office. Representatives of the exiled Tibetan government, Mongolian friends and Han nationals were invited to attend this meeting. Xue Wei, manager of "Beijing Spring" was invited to attend a conference held by the Association of East Turkistan in Sweden in December of the same year. At the meeting, he talked with Mr. Faluk, chairman of the association on the current status and future of nationalism in Xinjiang area.

    In the beginning of 1998. "Beijing Spring" and the Princeton Chinese Scholar's Association jointly held "International Forum on One Country, Two Systems and China's Future". More than 100 scholars, specialists and democracy activists, Chinese and foreign friends concerned with China's future from Taiwan, Hong Kong, Europe, Australia and America debated heatedly over major issues as "One Country, Two Systems and political development in China in future. Topics included "Background of One Country. Two Systems and Its political and Economical Functions... "Outlook on One Country .Two Systems from Half-year Development of Hong Kong", "Taiwan Situation and Design of One Country, Two Systems", and "One Country, Two Systems and Political, Economic Development in Mainland China", "One Country, Two Systems and China's Democracy", "One Country, Two Systems and China Economic Rim".

    In October 1999, "Beijing Spring" presided over and held a forum named "Communist Dictatorship: A Discussion on Crimes, Terrors and Crackdowns". It was attended by overseas democracy activists and ordinary people. At this meeting, a summary was made on the crimes from the historical and factual perspectives, which was enhanced to theoretical perspective, including summary on Communist Chinese government's land reform, strike on counterrevolutionaries, people's commune, great leap forward, three years of "natural" disaster, cultural revolution and the crackdown on the "June 4" movement.

    Shortly after the presidential election in Taiwan, which attracted world attention, "Beijing Spring" and Princeton Chinese Scholar's Association held a forum in May of this year in New York and presided over the "Taiwan Election and The Future for China's Democracy" Forum. A number of people gave excellent speeches on issues such as "Taiwan Election and the Island's Political and Ecological Evolvement", "Impact of Taiwan Election on Relationship Between the Taiwan Straits and the Triangle Relationship of US, China, and Taiwan", "Taiwan Election and the Process of Democratization in Mainland China", etc. Speakers included Professor Yang Liyu, director of the Asia Department of the Seton Hall University of the United States who was a member of the Overseas Committee of the State Department and met with Deng Xiaoping in the '80s, and Andrew Nathan, renowned China specialist and professor of the Columbia University, Zhang Ronggong, director of the Working Committee on Mainland China of the China Nationalist Party who just came from Taiwan, Zhao Hongzhang, former director of the Taiwan Youth Unity Association and currently teaching staff at the Taiwan University, Liu Zhitong, secretary general of the World Democracy and Freedom Alliance, central branch of the Republic of China, Liu Qing, chairman of Human Rights in China, Liu Bingyan, prominent Chinese writer, Hong Zhesheng, overseas adviser of the Democratic Progressive Party, Lin Feng, political commentator, Sima Lu, historian, etc. More than 100 people attended this meeting passionately, and voiced their views freely. During the election, Professor Nathan was monitoring in Taipei, and his detailed analysis on the possibility of development of US-China-Taiwan triangle relationship attracted extensive attention from the media.

    In addition to holding meetings, "Beijing Spring" also organized numerous theoretical debates on specific topics, including research on "30th Anniversary of the Cultural Revolution", theoretical discussion on "40th Anniversary of the Anti-Rightist Movement", debates over nationalism and "One Country, Two Systems", and "Human Rights and Sovereignty". These theoretical issues have significant impact on China's democracy movement. For example, during the debate over the issue of human rights versus sovereignty, "Beijing Spring" translated and published an article by Mr. Harvel, Czech's president entitled "Human-Rights Is Above Sovereignty", "Two Kinds of Sovereignty" by Secretary General Anan of the United Nations, and Deriviki's "Experience of Establishment of Human Rights in Central and Eastern Europe", as well as "On Human Rights and Sovereignty" by Lin Mu, a Chinese scholar; "Human Rights versus Sovereignty" by Xu Jilin, and "Can Internal Affairs of A Country of Sovereignty Be Interfered" by Zheng Qi. On the December 1999 issue, "Beijing Spring" published a special edition on "Human Rights versus Sovereignty". In addition, "Beijing Spring" often selects articles of theoretical value on Chinese issues by foreign specialists for translation and publication, which has been applauded by our readers.

    "Beijing Spring" has always adopted an attitude of encouraging theoretical debates on different views. On columns of "Theoretical Research", "Democracy Wall", "Debate", and "Readers, Writers and Editors", "Beijing Spring" has continuously published articles of debate on "Liberalism versus Constitutional Democracy", "National Autonomy and Nationalism", "Independence, Unity and Relationship Between the Taiwan Straits", "Retrospect on June 4 Democracy Movement", "Christianity and Democracy", etc. We have provided the best chance for people to freely voice their views, including people from Tibet, Xinjiang, Mongolia and Taiwan. At the same time, on debates resulted from the theoretical and practical activities of the organization of the China Democracy Party in mainland China (for example, whether the timing was proper, whether members of the Democracy Party had fancy about the regime of the Communists, whether the lawful struggle of the China Democracy Party was a necessary strategy during the process of China's democracy movement or just "opportunism", etc,) "Beijing Spring" provided ample space for debate and discussion, including "Gains and Losses of Party Organization Activities" written by Hu Ping, chief editor of "Beijing Spring", "On the Setup of Opposition Parties" by Li Jinjin, "Independent Trade Union and Party Organization Activities" by Li Zanxin, "Retrospect on the Strategy of Public Party Organization" by Yang Jianli, "On Public Organization of Opposition Parties" by Wang Fucheng of France, "On the Party Organization Movement in Mainland China" by Ni Yuxian, and Wang Fucheng's response to this article, "On-spot Anti-Communism Theory" by Lin Qiaoqing, etc. after NATO bombed the Chinese Embassy in Yugoslavia, "Beijing Spring" provided continuous coverage and debate over this event by publishing more than 10 articles, including "Three No's On the Kosovo Incident" by Jiang Qisheng, prominent Chinese democracy activist in Beijing; "Be Aware of Extreme Nationalism" and "Human Rights and Sovereignty" by Shanghai scholars Xiao Gongqin and Xu Jilin. On different views of the Fa Lun Gong, "Beijing Spring" also provided space for comment. On the latest two issues of this year, "Beijing Spring" published different views and comments by democracy activists in and outside of China on China's participation in WTO and the grant of PNTR to China by the US.

    4. Pay Close Attention to Relations Between Taiwan Straits and Nationalist Issues

    The relationship between mainland China and Taiwan, as well as nationalist issues, including Han-Tibetan, Han-Yogur, Han-Mongolian relations, are unavoidable and complex theoretical and practical questions that the China democracy movement must address. On these issues "Beijing Spring" has been adopting a very careful attitude.

    In 1995, in view of Communist Chinese government's intimidation and war threat to Taiwan, "Beijing Spring" organized articles many times to reveal the Chinese Communists' attention of maintaining their dictatorship under the name of "patriotism". When the Communist Chinese government's war threat was more eminent prior to the Taiwan election, "Beijing Spring" edited and published a book named "Individuals From China Talk On Situation in the Taiwan Straits", included were more than 20 articles by Fang Lizhi, Yan Jiaqi, Wang Ruowang, Jin Yaoru, Hu Ping and Yu Dahai, showing clearly that people from China held different views with the Communist Chinese government over the relationship between the Taiwan Straits, as well as providing an in-depth analysis on the real motive of the Communist Chinese government. In March of that year, Yu Dahai, Xue Wei and leaders of other democracy organizations were invited to visit Taiwan during its presidential election. In April of 1996, after the direct presidential election in Taiwan was finished, "Beijing Spring" published a special edition, as well as a visit to Dr. Yun Zhongjun, director of the New York Cultural and Educational Center who originally came from Taiwan. On the January 1999 issue, the headline story of the "Beijing Spring" was "Cross-century Election in Taiwan", and provided an analysis on the impact of Taiwan's election over mainland China through a series of articles, especially provided a very clear explanation on the term "Neo-Taiwanese". On the "special state-to-state relationship" put forward by President Li Tenghwei (abbreviated to "Two-State Theory"), there have been differing responses from the society. On the September 1999 issue, "Beijing Spring" used "On Two-State Theory" as its headline. The May issue of this year was a special edition dedicated to "Taiwan Election and China's Future for Democracy". On the "Between the Straits" column, we have so far published dozens of articles and put forward a new idea of using new way of thinking in solving issues between Mainland China and Taiwan.

    On the complex issue of ethnic problems, "Beijing Spring" supports the rebel movement by ethnic minorities who are suppressed by the Communist Chinese government, sticking to the principle of democracy and human rights, while at the same time conducted debates on different views. In February 1996, Xue Wei, manager of "Beijing Spring", visited the exiled Tibetan government in India, met with the Dalai Lama, and signed an agreement with the Foreign Affairs and Media Ministry of the exile government. Both sides made the decision that they would provide mutual support on democracy activities in China and overseas, as well as exchange of information. The exiled Tibetan government transported dozens of the "Beijing Spring" journal to Mainland China each month, including Tibet, Sichuan, Yunnan and Qinghai. "Beijing Spring" consequently published articles on the Dalai Lama and the exiled Tibetan government, and articles written by democracy activists visiting Dalai Lala of India, including articles written by Yu Dahai, chairman of "Beijing Spring"; Zhong Weiguang, exiled scholar in Germany; Huan Xuewei's couple; Mo Lihua, freelance writer exiling in Sweden and reporter of "Beijing Spring" European Station. The Dalai Lama's preamble to "Lama's Murder" by Taiwan writer was also published in "Beijing Spring", and we also published talks between "Beijing Spring" reporter and Tibetan friends Apei Jinmei and Dawa Cairen, and the talk between Xue Wei, "Beijing Spring" manager and the Dalai Lama. Xue Wei has been maintaining direct contact with ethnic Tibetan, Vogur and Mongolian organizations overseas, and participated in the setup of the American Han- Tibetan Association. In 1996, "Beijing Spring" published Xue Wei's talk with the Dalai Lama, and in 1998, the declaration of the foundation of the "Han-Tibetan Association", as well as Xue Wei's conversation with Abuli Kemu, chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the East Turkistan, and released news on the invitation of Xue Wei to the East Turkistan Conference held in Germany.

    5. Strengthen Relationship with Readers in Mainland China

    Since its foundation, "Beijing Spring" has always prioritized articles written by authors in Mainland China, and in this way has been maintaining a strong relationship with Chinese readers and authors. A total of 113 articles from China were published from 1993 to 1994. In 1995,n95 were published. In 1996, 46 were published. In 1997, 22 were published. In 1998, 48 were published. In 1999, 67 were published. 30 articles from China have been published in "Beijing Spring" so far this year. This makes a total of 461 articles. These articles made discussions on major theoretical issues, including renowned philosopher Wang Ruoshui's new evaluation on Marxism, the retrospect on the Communist system by Hu Jiwei, the 80-year-old Chinese Communist party member and former editor-in-chief of the "People's Daily", memoir and afterthoughts by Xu Liangying, renowned historian, on the "Anti-Rightist" movement, and the differing views of Lin Mu, former secretary to Hu Yaobang, on Li Zehou's theory of "Goodbye to Revolution", and articles on nationalism, liberalism and extremism, as well as the "Declaration on the Double l0th" by Wang Xizhe and Liu Xiaobo to both the Communist and Nationalist Parties; review on the political conservatism in today's China by Liu Xiaobo; review on "Gu Zhun's Works" by Li Rui; review on the "Bankruptcy Law" by Cao Siyuan; comments by Li Shenzhi, former vice president of the China Academy of Social Sciences, on 50 years of Communist rule in China, the "Five One" plan of China democracy movement put forward by Qin Yongmin, goals of China democracy movement and its strategy during transition period as proposed by Xu Wenli, the organization of national opposition parties put forward by Wang Youcai, article on reforms of enterprises and independent trade union movement written by Tang Yuanxiao, discussion on peaceful resistance to Communist Chinese government's violent regime and stage theory of China's democracy movement process as proposed by Fu Guoyong, democracy activist in Zhejiang, etc. In addition to major theoretical issues, "Beijing Spring" also published numerous articles by dissidents in various parts of China on current political issues, among which were "Declaration on Citizen's Freedom of Speech" by Wang Ming of Sichuan, "An Appeal of A Political Prisoner" by Tang Yuanxiao of Liaoning, suggestions by Jin Cheng of Beijing on fair trial of Chen Xitong, the public letter to state leaders by Yang Qinheng of Shanghai, the analysis by Li Xiaoping of Beijing on "One Country, Two Systems" and the issue of China's unification, the public letter to the human rights commission of the UN by Jiang Qisheng of Beijing, and "Declaration of Freedom and Citizen's Rights", "Declaration on Social Justice and Citizen's Rights" as sponsored and signed by Ding Zilin and Lin Mu, and articles of appeal by Meng Ruiyun, mother of the imprisoned democracy activist Tong Yi; Gong Liwen, mother of Li Hai; Xu Hong, wife of Lin Hai; Chu Hailan, wife of Liu Nianchun. These articles timely featured major events of the time. For example, the article "On Jiang Zemin's Speech at Harvard", written by Qin Yongmin on November 5, and published on the December 1999 issue of "Beijing Spring" on the topic of "Give Jiang Zemin A lesson on Democracy" was only 10 days after the article was written. The record of the persecution by the government of Xu Wenli, democracy activist in Beijing, during the June 4 anniversary of this year was also published on the "Beijing Spring" 10 days after the event. In addition, "Beijing Spring" also published some poems and other literary works by authors in China, including poems composed by the couple of Liu Xiaobo, and "If you Have To Sacrifice Enough", a poem composed by Tan Li, a Hunan poet; "The Free Man" composed by Yu Tian, a Sichuan poet; "To Wan Kai" composed by Yu Fu, a Zhejiang poet; "Desperation of '89" composed by Wen Dan, a Liaoning poet, etc. It should be pointed out that some of the authors were democracy activists that had been fighting as frontiers of democracy movements in China. On the column of "To the Editor" of each issue, "Beijing Spring" has provided space for voices from China while making special precautions to ensure the safety of those writing letters to the journal.

    Wei Jingsheng, Wang Dan and Huang Xiang and other had been providing articles to the "Beijing Spring" through different channels while they were still in China. In addition to those mentioned above, contributors to the "Beijing Spring" also include Chen Ziming, Bao Zunxin, Chen Xiaoya, Zhou Duo, Jiang Qisheng, Sha Yuguang, and Liu Junning of Beijing; Xiao Xuehui, He Bing, Wang Yizong, Wang Jianhui, Deng Huanwu and Liu Xianbin of Sichuan; Li Wei and Leng Wanbao of Jilin; Ge Hu and Li Qingxi of Shanxi; Sheng Liangqing of Anhui; Yang Hai, Ma Xiaoming and Li Guiren of Shannxi; Jian Hu of Shanghai; Ma Shaofang of Jiangsu; Gong Yancheng of Hebei; Yuan Hongbin of Guizhou, Xiao Liqun of Heilongjiang, etc. Some of them are well known, while others are common people. Most of the authors asked others to carry their manuscripts out of China for safety reasons (Xu Liangying's article in memoir of the "Anti-Rightist" movement was via Mr. Fang Lizhi, and Wang Ruoshui's article was transmitted by fax). Some of the authors sent their manuscripts directly to the editorial office by mail or fax, and recently there have been more and more manuscripts received through email.

    In view of the lessening interest in China's democracy activities by the Chinese language media overseas, "Beijing Spring" deliberately strengthened its reporting on democracy activities in China on its column "News on Democracy Activities in China and Overseas", so that people in China as well as overseas are able to realize the current status of democracy activities in and outside of China. At the same time, via fax and email, news is sent to China to let people in China know that their activities have been reported and paid attention to. "Beijing Spring" staff has maintained a direct contact through a hotline with some of the prominent figures of democracy and human rights activities; "Beijing Spring" regularly communicated with numerous readers, authors in China through telephone, fax and internet. "Beijing Spring" regularly sends every issue of the journal to them and other people by mail. In 1999, "Beijing Spring" prepared a CD including all the articles published on "Beijing Spring" and other information on democracy activities. This CD was mailed to Chinese readers free of charge; and sent 100 CDs to people in China through others, which were transferred to those who were eager to read it.

    "Beijing Spring" influence in China has been increasing day by day. Wang Xizhe, Wei Jingsheng, Wang Dan and other democracy activists all said that they were often able to read "Beijing Spring" when they were in China, and it was easier to read it on the internet. The timely report on situation of democracy activists in China by "Beijing Spring" has received positive response from foreign friends. The chief editor of the "International Forum on Democracy" of Vietnam wrote to Fang Lizhi, saying that they were very interested in publishing articles of the "Beijing Spring" journal, and an American couple were eager to contact "Beijing Spring" to offer help Gao Yu after they read reports on the persecution of the journalist by the Communist Chinese government. It should be mentioned that in the book "A Guide to Asian Media in US" as published by the Tongji University Press in May 1996 and for which Wang Shenghong, vice chairman of the Shanghai Political Consultative Conference wrote an preamble, "Beijing Spring" was listed separately, stating that "Beijing Spring" was very political, and timely reflected various political issues in Mainland China, and that editors of "Beijing Spring" were supporters of Chinese-style human rights, and often sympathized and supported China's human rights movement. Therefore it is obvious that "Beijing Spring" has a significant influence in every walk of political and social life in Mainland China.

    In addition to the regular publication of the journal, "Beijing Spring" also publishes "Beijing Spring Briefing" designed for readers in China. This publication is sent to relevant schools, organizations, and social groups in Mainland China. For the purpose of strengthening influence and communication in the international community, a bi-monthly English version of the "Beijing Spring" called "Beijing Spring Digest" was published since 1995, and it was designed for the US Congress and other functions of the US government, organizations of the UN and member countries of the UN, governments, congresses, media and human rights groups and some prominent politicians, so that the international community will realize the situation of China's political society and democracy movement. Due to insufficient funds, the "Beijing Spring Briefing" and "Beijing Spring Digest" have terminated publication.

    "Beijing Spring" maintains good cooperative relationship with the New York based "Human Rights in China" and the "China Democracy Movement and Human Rights Information Center" of Hong Kong. Since November 1996, "Beijing Spring" also launched cooperative programs of exchanging articles with "Radio Free Asia".

    6. Provide Readers with Internet Service

    For the purpose of spreading information of democracy via the new technology of "information super highway", "Beijing Spring" entered into "World Wide Web" in October 1995. Since then, all users who have access to the Internet, including users in Mainland China, are able to read "Beijing Spring" on the Internet. So far as we know, "Beijing Spring" was one of the earliest magazines that provided electronic versions on the Internet. For the convenience of readers, "Beijing Spring" prepares a version in international code for each issue and place it on the Internet, and usually within one week of the publication of the journal readers can read the magazine on the Internet. As one of the earliest Chinese language journals on the Internet, "Beijing Spring" is now working on three areas: First, maintenance of the website; second, email to mainland China; third, BBS.

    A. Website

    On the website of the "Beijing Spring", there are whole 86 issues of the "Beijing Spring" journal published so far and other information on democracy activities. In addition, there are also important documents concerning relationships between the Taiwan Straits. The setup of the website was welcomed by users all over the world, including users of China. The Hong Kong Alliance for Support of Democracy in China, the US National Foundation for Democracy, China News Digest and many other organizations provide links to "Beijing Spring" on their respective websites. According to statistics of network service providers, "Beijing Spring" attracted more than 3000 readers per day, including readers in Mainland China. Later, Li Peng issued an order, banning the reading of the journal on the Internet, and as a result, there had been a substantial decrease in the number of readers from China, which maintained a level of 100 per week; however, not long after this, there was a fast increase in the number of readers. Statistics show that recently there have been more and more Chinese readers accessing our website. There is a total of 7000 people accessing our website each day, among them there are about 2000 people from mainland China each week. According to a recent report for the week as provided by the network service providers, there is an average of 7297 people accessing our website each day, who read 3038 of our electronic files, and the information quantity they receive is 87MB each day, amounting to 400 copies of "Beijing Spring". Among them, 2565 people are from Mainland China, and the amount of information they receive is 5 percent of the total, which is about 20 copies of the "Beijing Spring" journal, which is to say that they receive information that is equivalent to 140 copies of "Beijing Spring" each week. It is obvious that "Beijing Spring" is welcomed by readers. However, because the Communist Chinese government regards "Beijing Spring" as one of its enemies, and has done everything to block the journal from reaching our readers, what "Beijing Spring" needs to do is to break the blockade of the Communist Chinese government, so that every reader in Mainland China can access the website of "Beijing Spring".

    B. Email

    The transmission of email to Mainland China by the "Beijing Spring" also began in 1995. Since August 1999, "Beijing Spring" has widened its scope of transmission. Currently we are sending articles of the "Beijing Spring" to thousands of email addresses in China. So far we have sent tens of thousands of emails. Some individuals in Mainland China have expressed the desire that they need no more of emailed "Beijing Spring", while there are also many others who expressed their dissatisfaction over the government and their hope for democracy movement in their email responses. It is clear that most of the people in China have received emailed "Beijing Spring", and some of them have been maintaining contact with us and sending us manuscripts through email. Many authors of "Beijing Spring" are now using email to send their articles to "Beijing Spring" for publication.

    C.BBS

    For the purpose of communication among people concerned with democracy and human rights in Mainland China, 'Beijing Spring" presented "BBS of Beijing Spring" on the Internet in November 1999. This is a public forum in which all views can be freely expressed. The website is http://beijingspring.com/bbs. Right now there are many people participating in the discussions on the forum, although quality of the discussion needs to be improved. Currently "Beijing Spring" makes no restrictions on the contents of discussion, except for those of personal insults and slander. However, this work also needs to be improved.

    Cover pages

    [Front page]Charter 08 and China's Civil Rights Movement

    [Front page 2]The Civil Rights Movement and The Seninar of the CPC's Establishing Regime for 60 Years
    (Upper) On October 13, Seminar of Chinese Civil Rights Movement and the CPC's Establishing Regime for 60 Years" was hold by the "Beijing spring" magazine ect. at Shelton Hotel in Flushing, New York
    (Bottom)More than 200 People Participated in the Seminar

    [Front page 3] Pictures News
    (Upper Left) On September 16th , The Third Asian Democracy World Forum was Hold in Soul of Korea
    (Upper Right)On October 8th, The Fifth Ethnic Group Youth Leaders Research Camp was Opened in Washington
    (Middle Left)On October 18, Lin, Xiling's Memorial in Beijing was Held as Schedule under the High Pressure of the Authorities
    (Middle Right)On September 29,Our Newsroom Held the Memorial for Lin, Xiling
    (Bottom)The 30th Anniversary of Democracy Wall Movement(1979-2009),part of the participants gathered.From Left:Sun Yan, Wei, Quanbao, Song, Shuyuan, Zhao Xing, Liu, Guokai, Fu, Shenqi, Zhang Jing, Chen, Liqun, Xing, Dakun, Hu Ping, Wang Xiang, Cai, Guihua, Liu, Nianchun.

    [Bottom page]Deep Grief at Lady Lin, Xiling

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    About us

    About Beijing Spring

    Everyone has the right to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers. 
    ---- United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948

    Beijing Spring, a monthly Chinese-language magazine dedicated to the promotion of human rights, democracy and social justice in China, has been in continuous publication since June 1993.

    Over the years, Beijing Spring has made a substantial contribution to spreading the message of democracy and accelerating the economic and political reforms. Indeed, as the published Tiananmen Papers reveals, Li Peng and other Chinese leaders believe that the 1989 Democracy Movement was in part instigated by China Spring, a predecessor of Beijing Spring. As the widespread 1989 democracy demonstrations have shown, although China is a country ruled by a totalitarian regime, the Chinese people have a keen interest in adopting a democratic form of government. Their inspirations, however, have been stifled by the repressive regime. At this time, advocating democracy in China can result in imprisonment or worse. As a result, pro-democracy publications such as Beijing Spring can only be printed outside of China. Anyway, these publications are often taken into China by the Chinese national living abroad.

    Beijing Spring's articles cover the reporting of current political development, analysis of social issues, documentation of human rights violations in China, and discussion on how democratization can be achieved. About a third of its articles are contributed by authors in China. The magazine has been officially branded "illegal" by the Chinese government, but is available in some restricted Chinese libraries. It is widely circulated within the dissident circle in China and is known as a standard bearer of the democracy movement. Beijing Spring sends compact discs with a complete collection of magazine articles to readers in China for free. Its website (www.bjzc.org) received thousands of hits every day. Beijing Spring magazine is published on the fifteenth of each month. The electronic version is normally uploaded to this site before the end of the month. With its editorial office based in New York, Beijing Spring has readers from all over the world.

    The editorial office of Beijing Spring is also the center of a wide range of pro-democracy activities. In this regard it takes over certain roles formerly played by the Chinese Alliance for Democracy. It sponsors all kinds of gatherings, including formal conferences. Beijing Spring also regularly supports visits to China by overseas dissidents to organize and coordinate pro-democracy activities. It maintains close relation with various pro-democracy groups and with the exiled Tibetan and other minority groups. It helps organize the worldwide annual remembrance of the June 4, 1989 Tiananmen massacre. It provides assistance to newly arrived refugees and dissidents.

    Beijing Spring is registered in the U.S. as a nonprofit corporation. It is assisted by a worldwide network, with liaison offices in Hong Kong, Japan, Europe, Canada, and Australia. Beijing Spring has an advisory board consisting of thirteen distinguished members and a five-member editorial board.

    This website stores thousands of articles published in Beijing Spring and elsewhere totaling over 10 million Chinese characters. Most recent Internet browsers support simplified Chinese characters. If the browser does not automatically display correct Chinese characters, you need to change the encoding under the view menu to "simplified Chinese" in order to read Chinese texts online. You may need to install multi-language Support pack from Microsoft website to enable the browser to recognize foreign characters or even download a Chinese viewer such as Njstar Communicator if you fail to see the Chinese encoding option. This viewer can be downloaded from http://www.njstar.com.

    For a one-year subscription, send a check of $30 ($60 for institutions) to: Beijing Spring, P. O. Box 520709, Flushing, NY 11352, USA. Tel: (718) 661-9977; Fax: (718)661-9922; E-mail: editor@bjs.org. Subscribers outside of U.S. pay pay $60 a year.


    Members of Beijing Spring's Advisory Board

    Fang Lizhi, professor of physics at University of Arizona. As the former vice president of Chinese University of Science and Technology, he inspired the 1989's Chinese Democracy movement and then was forced to seek refuge in the American Embassy for about a year after the June 4 crackdown.

    Guo Luoji, a leading liberal theoretician who was driven out of Beijing by Former Chairman Deng Xiaoping because of his political opinion. In 1992, he sued the Chinese government for human rights abuses in a Federal Court of law. Now he is a visiting scholar at Harvard University.

    Lin Baohua (a.k.a. Ling Feng), a critical columnist. Born in Indonesia, he graduated from the People's University in Beijing and had lived in Hong Kong for many years until 1997.

    Perry Link, professor of East Asian Studies at Princeton University. He specializes in 20th-century Chinese literature and is very concerned with human rights condition in Mainland China.

    Liu Binyan, famous writer. He was reporter with People's Daily, the official newspaper in China before 1987. Because of his resounding articles on Chinese corruption and brutality, he was criticized, expelled and barred from publishing. He is now a fellow of the Princeton China Initiative.

    Liu Qing, Chairman of the Executive Committee of Human Rights in China. As a democracy promoter and a close ally of Wei Jingsheng, he had been jailed by Chinese government for almost ten years.

    Andrew Nathan, professor of Political Science and Director of East Asian Institute at Columbia University. His teaching and research interests include Chinese politics and foreign policy, the comparative study of political participation and political culture, and human rights. He has published numerous books and articles on China's politics.

    Situ Hua, president of the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic and Democratic Movement in China. Mr. Situ is a member of the Hong Kong legislature and an important leader of the Democratic Party of Hong Kong.

    Su Shaozhi, chairman of Princeton China Initiative. Once served as the director of the Institute of Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong Thought of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, he is a leading liberal political theoretician in China.

    Su Xiaokang, a Chinese writer well known for his epic The River's Elegy, a critical television program about China's political and cultural evolution. As an active participator in the 1989 democracy movement, he was forced to leave China. Now he is a fellow of the Princeton China Initiative and publisher of the bi-monthly journal "The Democratic China".

    Yang Liyu, professor of East Asian Studies at Seton Hall University

    Yu Ying-shi, professor of history at Princeton University. Mr. Yu has been a leading critic on the tyranny of the Chinese communists after he left China in 1950. After the Chinese government crackdown on the Democracy Movement in 1989, he devoted himself into helping the fled Chinese activists to settle down in the U.S and setting up the Princeton China Initiative.

    Smarlo Ma, Smarlo Ma is pen name of Mr. Yi Ma. Joining the CommunistParty of China in 1937, he became Director of the Library of the Anti-Japanese Military and Political College in Yan-an in 1938. He formally left the Party in 1943. as a well known expert on the history of the Communist party of china, he has often been invited to present papers in international conferences of Asian specialists. He has published mora than 20 books.


    Members of Beijing Spring's Editorial Board

    Yu Dahai, Publisher of Beijing Spring and assistant professor of economics at Tufts University. Graduated from Beijing University and received a Ph.D. degree from Princeton University, he served as Chief Editor of Beijing Spring from June 1993 to June 1996 and then as President from June 1996 to September 2002. He is founding president of the Chinese Economists Society and former president of the Chinese Alliance for Democracy and the China Spring magazine.

    Wang Dan, President of Beijing Spring since September 2002. As a student leader from Beijing University in the 1989's Democracy Movement, he was on the most wanted list of the Chinese government after the June 4 crackdown. After being imprisoned for political reasons from July 1989 to February 1993 and again from May 1995 to April 1998, he came to the United States ad is now a doctoral student in Harvard University.

    Hu Ping, Chief Editor of Beijing Spring since 1996 and a regular commentator for Radio Free Asia. Received a Master's degree in philosophy from Beijing University and studied at Harvard University, he was once the Chief Writer of Beijing Spring from June 1993 to June 1996. He is former president of the Chinese Alliance for Democracy and the China Spring magazine.

    Chen Kuide, fellow of Princeton China Initiative and program host for Radio Free Asia. As once the Chief Editor of Shanghai's Thinker magazine, he actively took part in the 1989 democracy movement. He later received a Ph.D. degree in philosophy from Fudan University.

    Zheng Yi, member of the Princeton China initiative and a famous political critic. He once wrote articles to expose the cannibalism in Guangxi during the Great Cultural Revolution in China. As an important leader of the 1989 democracy movement, he was forced to leave China in 1992.

    Xue Wei, Manager of Beijing Spring since 1993. He was imprisoned in Sichuan for ten years for "counter-revolutionary activities" in the 1970's. He was among the founding members of the Chinese Alliance for Democracy and the China Spring magazine and has always served as a leader in promoting Chinese Democracy Movement dating back 1982.

    Last revision: July 31, 2004

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